Citing Sources

Citations are notations made both within a text, as well as at the end of a document. The location, format, and type of information included in a citation varies depending on the citation style used.  

Ask your instructor which citation style they want you to use. Use guides below to learn about why and how to cite.
The most commonly used citation styles at COS are:

About Plagiarism

Plagiarism​ happens whenever you represent someone else’s ideas as your own. There are many degrees of plagiarism. In general, we think of plagiarism as an intentional act of copying someone else’s work word-for-word, and occasionally this does happen. However, more often, plagiarism occurs when you use someone else’s words or ideas without properly paraphrasing and/or crediting the source you used. Plagiarism is a serious academic crime, usually resulting in a grade of "F" on the assignment, but can also result in suspension or expulsion from school.

Citing your sources as directed by the citation guidelines provided above is the best way to avoid plagiarism. Careful research methods and proper note-taking can also help you avoid plagiarism. The following web sites are excellent sources for identifying and avoiding plagiarism:

About Copyright

​Plagiarism and copyright are two separate issues. Plagiarism is an academic crime enforced by academic institutions.  Copyright is a form of protection offered by the US government to protect “original works of authorship.”  Violation of copyright is a crime enforced by the United States judicial system. For more information about copyright, visit the U.S. Copyright Office.​​​

Last Updated: 5/15/2018 11:33 AM